18th century paintings and drawings

The Dordrecht Patrician residence possesses a collection of paintings and drawings by Dordrecht painters who worked at the end of the 18th, beginning of the 19th century.. The chimney pieces in the front rooms by the Dordrecht artist Cornelis Kuipers are exceptional. This painter was a contemporary of the much better known brothers Abraham and Jacob van Strij.

Cornelis Kuipers was born on 23rd July 1739. His parents were Hendrik Kuipers and Cornelia van Nispen. He spends his school years in The Hague and establishes himself again after his education in his native city Dordrecht. In addition to chimney pieces Kuipers paints landscapes, flower arrangements and a group portrait of the Dordrecht family Blussé. In addition he makes a series of wallpaper paintings. Unfortunately these are in a very bad condition and are stored in the City depot of Dordrecht.

Cornelis Kuipers dies on 4th December 1802. The funeral register of the Grote Kerk notes on 10th December 1802: “Cornelis Kuipers, op ’t Bagijnhof,  laat kinderen na, met de lijkkoets ten 11 uren”. [Cornelis Kuipers, on Bagijnhof, leaves children behind, with the hearse at 11 o’clock]

The collection in the Dordrecht Patrician residence comprises paintings and drawings and includes, in addition to works by Cornelis Kuipers, also works by A. Schouman, J.C. Schotel and L. de Koningh. In addition the museum has works of art and 18th century utensils on loan from the Dordrecht Museum and the museum Huis van Gijn. 


Louis XVI furniture collection

The furnishing the Dordrecht Patrician residence, Museum on the Maas, consists of a wide collection of furniture in Louis XVI-style and various utensils from that period. This style is named after the last king of France, Louis XVI (1754-1793).

For the final years of the eighteenth century Europe is involved in an economic decline. That has repercussions on the furniture styles. The flamboyant rococo is replaced by a more austere design: the Louis XVI-style. 


18th century utensils

The Dordrecht Patrician residence, Museum on the Maas, has a collection of eighteenth century utensils to complete the portrait of an era in the homely house museum. 


Biscuit moulds

Biscuit moulds are typically Dutch utensils. They made their entrance in the eighteenth century and were then usually made of tropical hardwood. The carving is of a high quality and very elegant. Sometimes during that time the moulds were also used to make confectionery.
The two large biscuit moulds on hand are cut from elm and are large in format but not exceptional. The moulds are 117 cm long and 36 cm wide with the figures of Abraham and Sarah depicted on them. These moulds are always made as a set and in this case have stayed together. From the quality of the carving the mould can be dated as late eighteenth century. 



In the winters of the sixteenth century the footwarmer makes its entrance during the very long church services and travelling in a carriage. In the church only the well-to-do citizens qualify for the use of the footwarmer. This is kept in the church and is therefore often given its own identification so that the footwarmer can be delivered to the rightful owner at the beginning of the service. Characteristics of the owner are often a number, initials or striking carving.
The footwarmer attendants ensure that it gets to the rightful owners. During the service they have to obey various rules. For example they are not allowed to wear clogs or slippers. After the service the verger has to check whether all the fire has been extinguished.


Spoon racks

In the past pewter spoons were kept in a spoon rack. Often each member of the family has his or her own spoon in the rack. Most of the spoon racks were made at the end of the eighteenth and at the beginning of the nineteenth century. This is also the case with the rack in the museum. The mould is probably made from walnut. The pewter spoons are used to eat porridge for example, a dish which was regularly served as the main course in Holland.


Liqueur cellarettes 

The Dordrecht Patrician residence, Museum on the Maas, has a wooden liqueur cellarette with a hinged lid halfway up. The cabinet is made of oak with mahogany and yew. The glass in the lid is attached in such a way that it cannot fall out easily.
Below there are four liqueur bottles decorated with gold patterns. These cellarettes were made from the end of the eighteenth century until roughly 1900. This example is from the first quarter of the nineteenth century.